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Difference between Desktop and Laptop

There is a wide variety of component options available for desktops, allowing for a large range of prices, but the starting point is relatively cheap. Desktops can start as low as $400 for a full package (computer & monitor) and still be a pretty powerful system. Laptops can have a fairly wide variety of component options, but they are more limited than desktops. To get a more powerful laptop (higher speed, better graphics, more storage space, etc.), the price can be considerably higher, ranging up to $1500 or more, depending on the brand.

Desktops are large in size and have a separate monitor. While it's possible to take a desktop from place to place, it's cumbersome and not the choice for portability. They are designed to be used in a single location and not moved around much, if at all. Laptops are very portable due to their compact size. They were designed to be taken from place to place, carried in a backpack or laptop carrying case. They are great for on-the-go use.

Desktop processors are a little bit larger in size, but this also means the desktop processors can be more powerful than laptop processors. New, advanced processors on the market are typically available in desktop computers first. Laptop processors have nearly caught up to desktop processors, but are still limited when compared to desktop processors. Gaming laptops can have an equal performance, but have a much higher price.

Ease of assembly
Setting up a desktop takes a bit of extra work to hook everything up, start it up, and begin to use. It also requires more space to set up. While it's not difficult to connect everything together, it is still more cumbersome than a laptop. Laptops are built to be easy to use, requiring little time to get running. Take it out of the box, plug it in and press the power button. Within minutes, the laptop is ready to use.

Desktops can make use of full size keyboards, including a number pad. There are really no limitations. Smaller laptops with the 14" and 15" screens typically have smaller keyboards and don't feature a number pad on the right side. Larger laptops with 17" screens do have larger keyboards and may include a number pad, but the laptops are bulkier and heavier.

Screen size
Desktop monitors can be 15" or larger. It is even possible to hook up a desktop to a TV, so screen sizes could be as large as a TV. This provides for great flexibility on what the desktop is used for and in what environment. Since portability is a big feature of laptops, smaller screen sizes are necessary and screen sizes typically range from 10" to 17". However, a laptop can still be connected to an external display and support any size of monitor, screen, or projector.

Most components in a desktop are easily removable, making it easier to upgrade and since desktop cases are usually much bigger they're easier to work in when doing any upgrading. Memory and hard drive are about the only components that can be upgraded in a laptop. The remaining components are either built-in and not removable or the laptop is not designed to work with an upgraded version of a component. A need to upgrade anything other than the hard drive and memory usually requires a new laptop.

Desktops are capable of using high-powered video cards that have higher power requirements and require better heat reduction/dissipation. Due to the space in a desktop and the capability of using 1000+ Watt power supplies, virtually any video card could be used in a desktop, including two or more video cards at the same time. Physical space is limited in a laptop, which can limit the graphics capabilities. While higher-end laptops can provide better than average graphics for gaming and CAD-based applications, the heat reduction/dissipation is limited by the space in the laptop case. Power is also limited which doesn't allow for video cards needing those higher amounts of wattage to run.

Repairing a desktop computer is much easier since most of the hardware can be easily purchased off the shelf of any local computer retail store. For most users opening a laptop to repair a part can be difficult and finding a replacement part often requires calling the computer manufacturer or ordering from another online site.
Desktop and laptop are the two different kinds of computers and have lots of importance in our life. Both have lots of similarities and dissimilarities. A desktop computer is a personal computer in a form intended for regular use at a single location. A laptop, also called a notebook, is a personal computer for mobile use. They can be compared or contrasted on the basis of performance, space and cost. First, the performance of a laptop computer and a desktop computer has great differences. The desktop computer is capable of having better components that can handle higher graphics. It is suitable for high gaming. We could install graphic cards in desktop computers. On the other hand, a laptop has its limits. Even though it can handle some computer games, it cannot handle high graphic games which are new releases. We cannot install graphics card in laptop computers. Its battery is also limited and easily overheats in just a short time unlike the desktop computer which does not overheat easily. Desktop can load applications like multimedia movie software and other applications that requires high configuration, whereas a laptop cannot load big applications. The storage space and uses of a desktop computer and a laptop computer are same. Second, for the desktop computer, we need a large space to put the entire thing that comes with it like big monitor, Central Processing Unit and keyboard. Desktop computer also come with a mouse, a processor, a power supply unit, a motherboard, one or more RAM memory modules, one or two graphics cards, a sound card, hard disk drive, and optical CDDVD drive. However, laptop is very suitable for person who lives in small place. It is because using the laptop does not need much space. Laptop is smaller than desktop computers. This is good when we live in small apartments and student dorms. When not in use, a laptop can be closed and put away.
There are many differences between the desktop and laptops, as desktop are used for single location, whereas the laptops can be carried out at any place and thus are also called as notebook. The cost, screen size, keyboard etc are many factors that makes the desktop and laptops different.
The major difference is that a laptop is a portable devices and can be carried for traveling. It runs on a battery and not essential to plug a power for operating it.

There are many differences between desktop computers and laptops.

Some of them are:

Laptops are easily portable
While desktop computers are not portable

A laptop is the only device in which the mouse, keyboard, screen etc. are included, so the laptop is included in a small space, so you can easily put it in your lap.

While everything on the desktop is proprietary, everything needs its place, so these computers require a decent desktop.

Hope it helps you.
I want to know for formal use which is the potential in between desktop and laptop ?
I see this debate all over the internet about Desktop vs Laptop but i think technology is moving much more faster than we are. People nowadays have started using virtual desktop`s over the physical PCs.

Here is what i would like to share few words about virtual desktop and how it is becoming popular world wide.

A virtual desktop is available from virtually anywhere over an internet connection. You can log on with a PC, Mac, Laptop, iPad, smartphone, or a terminal. However, because you are running the virtual desktop at a data center, none of your data resides on the local device. So, if you lose your device or it gets stolen, your data is not at risk. The virtual desktop is backed up, patched, and managed by the provider. If you need more storage or a new app, you can log into the control panel and add it. The next time you log in, it will be there for you. However, the one major drawback of a virtual desktop is that it requires an internet connection. If you don’t have internet service or your internet service goes down, you can’t access your virtual desktop. Therefore, having a reliable internet connection is critical.

Laptop and Desktop both are different electronic devices both are useful in their own way we can't compare both of them hence it can be said that the modern world likes to travel a lot and a device like laptop can be carried out easily wherever you want to go on the other hand a Desktop pc is fixed at one place it is rather better in office work but when it comes to do work easily and comfortably Laptop is above the Desktop.